Dr Mustafa Izzuddin
Fellow, ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute
Adjunct Lecturer, NUS University Scholars Programme (USP)
Tel: 6870 4529; Email: email@example.com
Consultation hours: Tuesdays and Thursdays, 2-3pm, or by appointment
This module provides for a multifaceted understanding of the heterogeneous Indian community in contemporary Singapore by straddling the fields of history, ethnicity, faith, culture, diaspora, political economy and foreign policy. By apportioning this multidisciplinary module to three themes, that is, (a) theories and concepts of domestic politics and foreign relations; (b) business networks, social groups and cultural interconnections; and (c) religious diversity of Indians in Singapore society, it combines theory with empirics to better appreciate the rich and diverse Indian cultural heritage observable in Singapore as well as comprehend the multidimensionality of Singapore-India relations. Two questions guide the module: what makes an Indian? Have you thought how heterogeneous the Indians of Singapore are? Field trips and dialogues with policy-makers and stakeholders are some highlights of this module.
For a glimpse of the module offered in 2016, please see here
Classes are on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 12 noon to 2pm.
Field trips will take place from 12 noon to 2.40pm and the dates are subject to change.
Unless you are able to keep 2pm to 3pm free on Tuesdays and Thursdays, you are urged not to take this module.
By the end of the module, USP students would have enhanced their knowledge of the multifaceted nature of India-Singapore relations. By combining theory with empirics, USP students would have a better sense and greater appreciation of the rich and diverse Indian cultural heritage in Singapore. Although categorised as a Singapore Studies module of a social science variety, this course will be taught in such a way that it caters to students from all academic disciplines in NUS and does not discriminate against students of other nationalities.
Week 1: 14 August and 16 August
- 14 August: Introduction to Indians in Singapore
- 16 August: Introduction to Singapore’s Relations with India
Week 2: 21 August and 23 August
- 21 August: Guest Speaker on Singapore-India Relations
- 23 August: Diaspora and Migration of Indians to Singapore Phase I
Week 3: 28 August and 30 August
- 28 August: Diaspora and Migration of Indians to Singapore Phase II
- 30 August: Identity Politics and Multiculturalism in Singapore
Week 4: 4 September and 6 September
- 4 September: Little India and the Case Study of the Little India Riot
- 6 September: Guest Speaker on Indian Businesses in Singapore
Week 5: 11 September and 13 September
- 11 September: Indian Sociocultural Organisations and Networks in Singapore
- 13 September: Visit to the Singapore Indian Development Association (SINDA)
Week 6: 18 September and 20 September
- 18 September: Festivals, Weddings and Funerals of Indians in Singapore
- 20 September: India’s Practice of Global Soft Power through Television and Cinema*
*On Saturday 22 September, two Bollywood movies will be screened back-to-back in the Master's common from 8.00am-2.00pm. Attendance is compulsory.
- 21 September: Submission Deadline of Term Paper Proposal (day before recess week)
- 1 October: Deadline for Submission of Film Review (day after end of recess week)
Week 7: 2 October and 4 October
- 2 October: Food Cuisine and Eating Rituals from India to Singapore
- 4 October: Indian Muslims and Sufism in Singapore
Week 8: 9 October and 11 October
- 9 October: Visit to an Indian Mosque (Masjid Burhani) and North Indian Cuisine
- 11 October: Visit to Masjid Jamae and Nagore Dargah Muslim Heritage Centre
Week 9: 16 October and 18 October
- 16 October: Understanding Hinduism in the Singapore Context
- 18 October: Visit to the Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple
Week 10: 23 October and 25 October
- 23 October: Understanding Sikhism in the Singapore Context
- 25 October: Visit to the Silat Road Sikh Temple (Gurdwara)
Week 11: 30 October and 1 November
- 30 October: Guest Speaker on the Indian Parsees of Singapore
- 1 November: Guest Speaker on the Indian Christians of Singapore
Week 12: 6 November and 8 November
- 6 November: The Indian Jews and Peranakans of Singapore
- 8 November: Visit to Mustafa Centre in Little India
Week 13: 13 November and 15 November
- 13 November: Dance, Music, Fashion and Literature of Indians in Singapore
*Summing up and Sampling of Murtabak, a South Indian Cuisine
- 15 November: Submission of Term Paper
*Dates of field trips are subject to change.
**Please note there will also be a prominent speaker, possibly a Minister, during one of the evenings in either October or November. Attendance is mandatory for students of this module.
For a list of selected readings, please see below:
15 August: Introduction to Indians in Singapore
- Vineeta Sinha, 2015. Indians. Singapore: IPS; Straits Times Press
17 August: Introduction to Singapore’s Relations with India
- See Chak Mun, 2016. Singapore-India Strategic Relations — Singapore’s Perspective. In Anit Mukherjee, ed. The Merlion and the Ashoka: Singapore-India strategic ties. Singapore: World Scientific, 45-62.
- Sinderpal Singh and Syeda Sana Rahman, 2010. India-Singapore Relations: Constructing a “New Bilateral Relationship”. Contemporary Southeast Asia, 32 (1), 70-97.
- Ming Hwa Ting, 2009. Singapore-India Relations: A Return to History. Aktuelle Südostasienforschung / Current Research on South-East Asia, 2 (2), 122-144.
22 and 24 August: Diaspora and Migration of Indians to Singapore Phase I
- Robin Cohen, Global Diasporas, 2008. Abingdon; Oxon: Routledge, Chapters 1 and 8.
- Rajesh Rai and Peter Reeves, eds., 2009. The South Asian diaspora: transnational networks and changing identities. New York: Routledge, Introduction Chapter and Chapter 4.
- K S Sandhu and A. Mani, eds., 2006 (reprint). Indian Communities in Southeast Asia. Singapore: ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute, Chapter 31.
- Brij V. Lal, Peter Reeves and Rajesh Rai, eds., 2006. The encyclopaedia of the Indian diaspora. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet, pp. 182-194.
29 August: Visit to the High Commission of India in Singapore
31 August and 5 September: Identity Politics and Multiculturalism in Singapore
- Vineeta Sinha, 2015. Indians. Singapore: IPS; Straits Times Press.
- Kwen Fee Lian, ed., 2016. Multiculturalism, migration and the politics of identity in Singapore. Singapore: Springer, Chapters 2 and 7.
- Daniel P.S. Goh et al, eds., 2009. Race and Multiculturalism in Malaysia and Singapore. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, Chapters 1 and 4.
- Yong Mun Cheong & V.V. Bhanoji Rao, eds., 1995. Singapore-India relations: a primer. Singapore: Singapore University Press, Chapter 1.
- K. Kesavapany et al, eds., 2008. Rising India and Indian Communities in East Asia. Singapore: ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute, Chapter 32.
- Wajihah Hamid, 2015. Feelings of Home Amongst Tamil Migrant Workers in Singapore’s Little India. Pacific Affairs, 88 (1), 5-25.
- Gopinath Pillai and K Kesavapany, ed. 2016. 50 years of Indian community in Singapore. Singapore: World Scientific, Chapters 4 and 9.
- John Solomon, 2016. A Subaltern History of the Indian Diaspora in Singapore, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. Chapter 3.
7 and 12 September: Indian Businesses and Sociocultural Networks in Singapore
- Jayati Bhattacharya, 2011. Beyond the myth: Indian business communities in Singapore. Singapore: ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute, Chapters 3 and 4.
- K S Sandhu and A. Mani, eds., 2006 (reprint). Indian Communities in Southeast Asia. Singapore: ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute, Chapter 34.
- K. Kesavapany et al, eds., 2008. Rising India and Indian Communities in East Asia. Singapore: ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute, Chapters 31 and 33.
- Claude Markovits, 2008. Merchants, Traders, Entrepreneurs: Indian Business in the Colonial Era. UK: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 220-252.
- S. Arasaratnam, 1989. Islamic merchant communities of the Indian subcontinent in Southeast Asia. Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya.
- Lai Ah Eng, ed., 2008. Religious Diversity in Singapore. Singapore: ISEAS/IPS, Chap. 9.
- Gopinath Pillai and K Kesavapany, ed. 2016. 50 years of Indian community in Singapore. Singapore: World Scientific, Chapters 5, 10 and 11.
14 September: Visit to the Singapore Indian Development Association (SINDA)
- K. Kesavapany et al, eds., 2008. Rising India and Indian Communities in East Asia. Singapore: ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute, Chapter 31.
19 September: The Heterogeneity of Indian Culture in Singapore – Languages, Festivals and Fashion
- Rajesh Rai and Peter Reeves, eds., 2009. The South Asian diaspora: transnational networks and changing identities. New York: Routledge, Chapter 9.
- Habibul Haque Khondker, 2008. Bengali-Speaking Families in Singapore: Home, Nation and the World. International Migration, 46 (4), 177-198.
- Viniti Vaish, 2007. Bilingualism without Diglossia: The Indian Community in Singapore. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 10 (2), 171-187.
- Daniel P.S. Goh et al, eds., 2009. Race and Multiculturalism in Malaysia and Singapore. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, Chapter 10.
- Gopinath Pillai and K Kesavapany, ed. 2016. 50 years of Indian community in Singapore. Singapore: World Scientific, Chapters 6, 7 and 8.
- Arti Sandhu, 2014. Indian Fashion: Tradition, Innovation, Style. UK: Bloomsbury.
21 September: India’s Practice of Global Soft Power through Television and Cinema
- David J. Schaefer and Kavita Karan, eds., 2013. Bollywood and Globalization: The Global Power of Popular Hindi Cinema. Abingdon: Routledge, Chapters 1, 2 and 4.
- Tan Tai Yong, ed., 2010. Challenges of Economic Growth, Inequality and Conflict in South Asia. Singapore: World Scientific, Chapter 7.
- Anjali Gera Roy, 2013. Distribution and circulation of Indian films in Singapore. Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, 14 (4), 635-643.
- Derek Heng et al, eds., 2009. Reframing Singapore: Memory – Identity – Transregionalism. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, Chapter 11.
- Faizal Yahya and Arunajeet Kaur, 2010. Zee TV and the Creation of Hindi Media Communities in Singapore. Sojourn: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia, 25 (2), 262-280.
- Joya Chatterji and David Washbrook, eds., 2013. Routledge Handbook of the South Asian Diaspora. Abingdon; Oxon: Routledge, Chapter 33.
3 October: Food Cuisine and Eating Rituals from India to Singapore
- R.S. Khare and M.S.A. Rao, eds., 1986. Food, Society and Culture: aspects in South Asian food systems. Durham: Carolina Academic Press.
- Fadhel Martini and Chee Wong Tai, 2001. Restaurants in Little India, Singapore: A Study of Spatial and Pragmatic Cultural Change. Sojourn, 16 (1), 147-161.
- Jean Duruz and Gaik Cheng Khoo, 2015. Eating Together: Food, Space and Identity in Malaysia and Singapore. Lanham; Boulder: Rowman and Littlefield, Chapter 4.
- Samuel S. Dhoraisingam, 2006. Peranakan Indians of Singapore and Melaka: Indian Babas and Nonyas – Chitty Melaka. Singapore: ISEAS, Chapter 11.
5 October: Indian Muslims and Sufism in Singapore
- Christoph Marcinkowski, 2010: Shi’ite Identities: Community and Culture in Changing Social Contexts. Berlin: Freiburg Studies in Social Anthropology, Chapter 8.
- A. Mani, 1992. Aspects of identity and change among Tamil Muslims in Singapore. Institute of Muslim Minority Affairs, 13 (2), 337-357.
- Ravi A. Shankar, 2001. Tamil Muslims in Tamil Nadu, Malaysia and Singapore: historical identity, problems of adjustment, and change in the twentieth century. KL: A. Jayanath.
- Kwen Fee Lian, ed., 2016. Multiculturalism, migration and the politics of identity in Singapore. Singapore: Springer, Chapter 5.
- Torsten Tschacher, 2006. From Local Practice to Transnational Network - Saints, Shrines and Sufis among Tamil Muslims in Singapore. Asian Journal of Social Science, 34 (2), 225-242.
10 October: Visit to an Indian Mosque (Masjid Burhani) and North Indian Cuisine
- Mustafa Izzuddin, 2002. A Muslim Gujarati Community in Singapore: the case of the Dawoodi Bohras. Unpublished Working Paper.
12 October: Visit to Masjid Jamae and Nagore Dargah Muslim Heritage Centre
17 October: Understanding Hinduism in the Singapore Context
- Vineeta Sinha, 1997. Unpacking the Labels ‘Hindu’ and ‘Hinduism’ in Singapore. Asian Journal of Social Sciences, 25 (2), 139-60.
- Lai Ah Eng, ed., 2008. Religious Diversity in Singapore. Singapore: ISEAS/IPS, Chap 20.
- K S Sandhu & A. Mani, eds., 2006 (reprint). Indian Communities in Southeast Asia. Singapore: ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute, Chapter 33.
19 October: Visit to the Sri Mariamman Temple
- Vanitha Shankar, 2013. The heritage of Hindu temples in Singapore. Singapore: National Heritage Board.
24 October: Understanding Sikhism in the Singapore Context
- Lai Ah Eng, ed., 2008. Religious Diversity in Singapore. Singapore: ISEAS/IPS, Chap 11.
- Gerard McCann, 2011. Sikhs and the City: Sikh history and diasporic practice in Singapore. Modern Asian Studies, 45 (6), 1465-1498.
- Malminderjit Singh et al, eds., 2015. Singapore at 50: 50 Sikhs and their contributions. Singapore: Young Sikh Association.
- Choor Singh Sidhu, 2005. The Sikh community’s contribution to the development of Singapore: a collection of essays and personal reminisces. Singapore: Choor Singh.
- Tan Tai Yong, 2006. Singapore Khalsa Association. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish.
26 October: Visit to the Sikh Temple (Gurdwara)
31 October: The Indian Parsees of Singapore
- Jayati Bhattacharya, 2011. Beyond the myth: Indian business communities in Singapore. Singapore: ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute, 52-54.
- Pesi B. Chacha, 2016. The History of Parsis in Singapore. In Gopinath Pillai and K Kesavapany, ed. 50 years of Indian community in Singapore. Singapore: World Scientific, Chapter 15.
- Suna Kanga and Subina Khaneja, 2017. The Parsis of Singapore. Singapore: Epigram Books.
2 November: The Indian Christians of Singapore
- Shantini Pillai and Sharenee Philomena Paramasivam, 2011. From the fringes of the diasporic garment: creative pageants of Indian Christian identity from Malaysia and Singapore. South Asian Diaspora, 3 (1), 71-88.
14 November: Other Migrant Communities in Singapore from the Indian Subcontinent
- Sajjad Ashraf, 2016. Pakistanis in Singapore. In Gopinath Pillai and K Kesavapany, ed. 50 years of Indian community in Singapore. Singapore: World Scientific, Chapter 14.
- Raja Singam and S. Durai, 1968. A hundred years of Ceylonese in Malaysia and Singapore (1867-1967). Publisher unknown.
- h. Kwen Fee Lian, ed., 2016. Multiculturalism, migration and the politics of identity in Singapore. Singapore: Springer, Chapter 4.
- Md Mizanur Rahman, 2017. Bangladeshi Migration to Singapore: A Process-Oriented Approach. Singapore: Springer.
- Chong Zi Liang and Zakaria Zainal, 2014. The invisible force: Singapore Gurkhas. Singapore: Ethos Books.
- Zakaria Zainal, 2012. Our Gurkhas: Singapore through their eyes. Singapore: Wee Editions.
16 November: Visit to the Indian Heritage Centre in Little India
- Gauri Parimoo Krishnan, 2016. Singapore’s Indian Heritage Centre: Curating and Negotiating Heritage, Diversity and Identity. In Gopinath Pillai and K Kesavapany, ed. 50 years of Indian community in Singapore. Singapore: World Scientific, Chapter 3.
Modes of Teaching and Learning
- Seminar style classes with active participation from students
- Fieldwork to Indian-linked organisations and heritage sites
- Presentations and written assignments including a film review
- IVLE discussion forum
- Class Participation: 15%
- IVLE Discussion: 15%
- Film Review: 30%
- Individual Term Paper: 40%
Students are requested to:
- Be punctual as the class will start on time, and for the field trips, the bus will leave on time at 12noon sharp from Cinnamon College.
- Attend class regularly.
- Do the readings before every class or field trip.
- Participate actively in discussions and presentations.
- Adhere to the deadlines for submissions of assignments.
- Observe the highest standards of academic integrity and ethical behaviour.
- Approach and ask the convenor/lecturer when in doubt about anything.